TOWARDS A GLOBAL PACT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
Irina MOROIANU ZLATESCU
On the occasion of the UN General Assembly in New York on September 19th 2017, the French
President Emmanuel Macron presented the draft of the Global Pact for Environment in front of
Heads of States and Governments, representatives of the civil society and of the private sector, the
193 member states of the organization, in the presence of the UN Secretary General Antonio
Gutteres and of the President of the French Constitutional Council, Laurent Fabius1.
This pact, if adopted, will complement the legal building of the fundamental human rights
norms created by Rene Cassin2, reinforced by Karel Vasak3 by creating the three generations of
rights4. Each of these generations could now have its own Covenant. For the first two generations of
rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights were adopted in 1966. For the third generation, this new
Global Pact will come to cover the most part of rights. It will be the one that will lead mankind to
"act for the planet, to act by law5”.
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