Law Review International Journal of Law and Jurisprudence Open Source Online Publication Edited by the Union of Jurists of Romania and Universul Juridic Publishing House e-ISSN 2246-9435
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Artificial Intelligence – A Possible Key For Better Results On Tackling Climate Change

Claudia Elena MARINICĂ

The article aims to analyse the effects/influence of artificial intelligence in combating climate change, for the protection of the environment and humanity as a whole. Climate change, artificial intelligence, sustainable development are some of the concepts addressed in this research, starting from the worldwide impact that artificial intelligence demonstrates today, continuing with the two sides it can present - one of combating the effects of climate change or, and the second one being contrary, i.e. aggravating or at most neutralizing them. For this reason, the article analyses artificial intelligence as it is currently perceived, how it is implemented in the fight against climate change, the results of its application, emphasizing the positive effects, but also highlighting possible negative effects. The article also seeks to discuss the need for good practice and policies that support the global commitment of all actors involved (organizations, states, citizens) in this matter. To achieve its proposed objective, the research mainly followed the relevant doctrine, legislative measures adopted at international, regional and national level to highlight what are the immediate and future effects of climate change and how they can be influenced, especially in a positive way by artificial intelligence. Based on these aspects, we see both the proactive reaction and the moral and legal obligation of all of us to contribute by tackling the climate change crisis facing humanity, having social repercussions and a significant negative economic impact while taking into account the respect for human rights. The phenomenon of climate change, appreciated as a global, persistent problem, and also an exponential one stresses the need for a global climate policy which requires continued global cooperation in regards to tackling climate change so as to achieve visible results. If these factors are not met, we will witness an increasingly obvious deterioration of the environment resulting in endangering the well-being, safety and non-observance of people’s rights.